Sic Semper Erat
On Christmas Day in the year of Our Lord 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charles the Great as Emperor of the Romans. That empire fell apart upon his death 13 years later, but the dream of it lived on, to be revived by Otto the Great more than a century later. For more than two centuries, the Holy Roman Empire dominated central Europe. In 1181, Bohemia was the first kingdom of the empire to win its independence. After the death of the Mad Kaiser Georg, Friedrich the Noble, once Count of Württemberg, became the new kaiser. He granted Bavaria its independence, and created the titles of Germany, Burgundy, and Frisia, and then abdicated the throne. A generation later, those kingdoms asserted their independence, and the power of the empire was broken amongst the five kingdoms.